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ADAM, Adolphe (1803-1856)

Son of composer Jean-Louis Adam (professor of piano at the Paris Conservatoire from 1797 to 1842), Adolphe Adam showed considerable talent for music but had little inclination for academic subjects. During the time he spent at the Conservatoire (studying organ with Benoist, counterpoint and fugue with Eler then Reicha and composition with Boieldieu), however, he was not awarded any prizes. Only his attempts at winning the Prix de Rome earned him an honourable mention (1824) and a second prix (1825). Adam found his niche on the fringes of the more distinguished circles, where he was probably overshadowed by his father. In 1824, he began producing one- or two-act operas comiques: for the Théâtre du Gymnase-Dramatique first, then for the Théâtre des Nouveautés (1827) and the Opéra-Comique (1829). Some of the twenty or so works he wrote for the latter were huge successes: Le Chalet (1834), Le Postillon de Longjumeau (1836), Le Brasseur de Preston (1838) and Giralda (1850). With his seemingly frivolous style, Adolphe Adam became the favourite composer of the Paris bourgeoisie and, a slave to his success, kept up an almost frenetic rate of production, sometimes to the detriment of quality. His fame also took him to the stage of the Paris Opéra, where his three operas met with less enthusiasm than his ballets (including Giselle, premiered in 1841), and to all the major European cities. Close to the Orleanist government, he received various prestigious honours under the July Monarchy, including a chair in composition at the Paris Conservatoire (1848).

    Images - 46
  • Adolphe Adam (carte Guérin-Boutron)
  • Adolphe Adam (charge de Dantan)
  • Adolphe Adam (par Dantan)
  • Adolphe Adam par G. Vogt
  • Adolphe Adam par Rémy
  • Adolphe Adam en postillon (portrait charge de Benjamin)
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    Works - 27
  • Bouquetière, La (Lucas / Adam)
  • Brasseur de Preston, Le (Leuven & Brunswick / Adam)
  • Châlet, Le (Scribe & Mélesville / Adam)
  • Déserteur, Le (Sedaine / Monsigny & Adam)
  • Fanal, Le (Saint-Georges / Adam)
  • Farfadet, Le (Planard / Adam)
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    Themes - 3
  • Institution – Académie des beaux-arts (Institut)
  • Opera – Opera in France in the nineteenth century
  • Opéra – L’opéra-comique
  • Symposia - 2
  • Art lyrique et transferts culturels. 1800-1850 (2011)
  • L'Opéra-Comique, trois cents ans de création (2015)
  • Study - 1
  • Teulon Lardic, Sabine – Adolphe Adam entrepreneur : allers et retours Paris-Berlin autour des Hamadryaden (1840)
  • Press articles -  3
  • Le Drapeaux blanc, 4 octobre 1824 [séance publique de l’Institut]
  • Le Drapeau blanc, 2 octobre 1825 [séance publique de l’Institut]
  • La France musicale, 6 février 1845 [Cendrillon d’Isouard]
  • Documents - 2
  • Cinti-Damoreau, Laure – « Préface » à la Méthode de chant composée pour ses classes du Conservatoire (1849)
  • Lettre d’Adolphe Adam à Antoine-Louis Clapisson (5 septembre 1839)