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DUBOIS, Théodore (1837-1924)

Théodore Dubois (1837-1924) was a gifted pupil, whose brilliant studies at the Paris Conservatoire were rewarded by several first prizes in the classes of Marmontel (piano), Benoist (organ), Bazin (harmony) and Thomas (composition), and then the Prix de Rome (1861). On his return from a curtailed stay in Italy, Dubois began a regular and patient ascent. He was appointed professor of harmony at the Conservatoire in 1871, professor of composition there ten years later, and finally director from 1896 until his retirement in 1905. Simultaneously he devoted himself to church music, notably as organist of La Madeleine from 1877 to 1896. He produced a large corpus of very successful religious works, the most striking example of which is his oratorio Les Sept Paroles du Christ(1867). He was also honoured by official milieus, and became a member of the Institut de France in 1894. His reputation suffered posthumously from his having held that privileged position. The persistent misunderstanding with regard to his departure from the Conservatoire is, in that respect, significant: coinciding with the scandal of Ravel’s ultimate failure to obtain the Prix de Rome, it was for a long time seen as a bitter defeat for academic circles. And yet while remaining faithful to his ideals of clarity and respect for tradition, Dubois was aware of the advances made in his time, as is borne out by his membership of the Société Nationale de Musique. Eclectic in its inspiration, his œuvre is vast and varied, approaching every genre and identifying as much with César Franck and Schumann as with Brahms or Saint-Saëns.

    Images - 28
  • Théodore Dubois
  • Théodore Dubois
  • Théodore Dubois (photographie dédicacée à Fernand de La Tombelle, 1884)
  • Théodore Dubois (portrait et autographe)
  • Théodore Dubois à la chasse
  • Théodore Dubois au piano
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    Works - 40
  • Aben-Hamet (Détroyat & Lauzières / Dubois)
  • Adonis (Théodore Dubois)
  • Andante cantabile pour violoncelle avec accompagnement de piano (Théodore Dubois)
  • Benedicat vobis (Théodore Dubois)
  • Berceuse pour piano à quatre mains (Théodore Dubois)
  • Dix Esquisses pour piano à quatre mains (Théodore Dubois)
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    Themes - 20
  • Concert – Les sociétés de concert au XIXe siècle
  • Courant – L’École franckiste
  • The French mélodie with orchestra
  • Genre – La mélodie française
  • Genre – La musique sacrée au XIXe siècle
  • Genre – Le concerto en France au XIXe siècle
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    Studies - 3
  • Degott, Pierre – La « haendelisation » de l’oratorio français de 1873 à 1910
  • Dratwicki, Alexandre – Théodore Dubois' « Journal »
  • Dratwicki, Alexandre – Théodore Dubois: a man of his time
  • Libretto - 1
  • Aben-Hamet [mise en scène]
  • Press articles -  30
  • Le Ménestrel, 10 juillet 1859 [prix de Rome]
  • Revue et Gazette musicale de Paris, 3 juillet 1859 [prix de Rome]
  • L’Art musical, 17 octobre 1861 [séance publique de l’Institut]
  • La France musicale, 20 octobre 1861 [séance publique de l’Institut]
  • Le Ménestrel, 13 octobre 1861 [séance publique de l’Institut]
  • Le Ménestrel, 14 juillet 1861 [prix de Rome]
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    Documents - 8
  • Dubois, Théodore – Souvenirs de ma vie (passages)
  • Écrit de La Tombelle : « Théodore Dubois (1837-1924) » (1924)
  • Gouvy, Théodore – Lettres à Théodore Dubois (1891-1898)
  • Lettres à Fernand de La Tombelle : Théodore Dubois (1896-1918)
  • Lettres à Mel Bonis : Théodore Dubois (1 lettre, 1892)
  • Liber amicorum de Jules et Marguerite Griset
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