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KREUTZER, Rodolphe (1766.11.15-1831.1.6)

Born in Versailles, Kreutzer received violin lessons from his father, a violinist at the Chapelle Royale, and was then sent, in 1778, to study with Anton Stamitz in Paris. He made such good progress that, in 1780, he was able to perform a concerto of his own composition at the Concert Spirituel. Three years later, at the age of 17, he replaced his father at the court of Louis XVI. An accomplished virtuoso as well as a prolific composer, in 1790 he became solo violin at the Théâtre-Italien, where performances of his finest stage works, Jeanne d’Arc à Orléans (1790), then Paul et Virginie and Lodoïska (1791) were staged. Appointed professor of violin at the newly founded Paris Conservatoire (1795), a post he held until 1826, he actively contributed to the birth of the French school of violin playing, particularly as a result of the Conservatoire’s Méthode de violon, which he wrote with colleagues, Rode and Baillot (1803). At the same time, he began a long career at the Paris Opéra as solo violin (1801-1816), then as conductor (1816-1824) and finally as director (1824-1827). Although his forty or so operas and opéras comiques are largely forgotten—despite being beautifully crafted in a Pre-Romantic style in the tradition of Gluck and Beethoven—some of his instrumental pieces (including nineteen violin concertos, some concertante symphonies and the Quarante Études et Caprices pour violon) are still played. His name, however, will go down in history as a result of the tribute paid to his talent by Beethoven, who dedicated his famous Kreutzer Sonata to him in 1805.

    Images - 5
  • Rodolphe Kreutzer
  • Rodolphe Kreutzer
  • Rodolphe Kreutzer
  • François Ier ou La Fête mystérieuse (Chazet & Sewrin / Kreutzer)
  • L'Homme sans façon ou Les Contrariétés (Sewrin / Kreutzer)
  • Works - 4
  • François Ier ou La Fête mystérieuse (Chazet & Sewrin / Kreutzer)
  • Homme sans façon ou Les Contrariétés, L' (Sewrin / Kreutzer)
  • Mort d'Abel, La (Hoffman / Kreutzer)
  • Quatuor à cordes n° 2 en sol majeur (Rodolphe Kreutzer)
  • Theme - 1
  • Instruments à cordes – Le violon dans la première partie du XIXe siècle
  • Studies - 2
  • Dratwicki, Alexandre – La Mort d'Abel by Rodolphe Kreutzer
  • Jardin, Étienne – La réception de La Mort d’Abel dans la presse de 1810
  • Press articles -  4
  • Courrier de l’Europe et des spectacles, 24 mars 1810 [La Mort d'Abel de Kreutzer]
  • Journal de l'Empire, 26 mars 1810 [La Mort d'Abel de Kreutzer]
  • Journal de Paris, 24 mars 1810 [La Mort d'Abel de Kreutzer]
  • Le Publiciste, 25 mars 1810 [La Mort d'Abel de Kreutzer]
  • Documents - 2
  • Baillot, Rode & Kreutzer – Méthode de violon (1803)
  • Fétis, François-Joseph – Biographie de Rodolphe Kreutzer (1866)