Home / Persons / SACCHINI Antonio

Print content of page

SACCHINI, Antonio (1730-1786)

Born in Florence, Sacchini studied in Naples with Francesco Durante. After writing several comic operas, he made his debut at the Teatro San Carlo with Andromaca (1761), his first opera seria. However, it was the triumphant success of Olimpiade, premiered in Padua in 1763, which made him famous throughout Italy. Until the early 1770s, he composed for various opera houses, making a name for himself as a composer of both serious and comic operas. In 1768, he moved to Venice to become director of the Conservatoire dell’Ospedaletto, where he taught singing (he trained soprano Nancy Storace, who went on to create the role of Susanna in Mozart’s Le Nozze di Figaro). His reputation spread outside Italy since, in 1770, he was invited to Munich (Scipione in Cartagena, L’eroe cinese) and Ludwigsburg (Calliroe). 1772 marked the start of his London decade, during which he composed ten operas, mainly seria, for the King’s Theatre. The first, Il Cid, was an adaptation of the play by Corneille, which had already inspired Sacchini to write Il Cidde in 1769 and to which he was to return a third time in 1783. After Mitridate (1781), under threat of imprisonment for debt and criticised for his loose morals, he moved to Paris. He wrote three lyric tragedies for the Académie Royale de Musique: Renaud (1783), Chimène (1783) and Dardanus (1784). However, he became embroiled in sordid intrigues which led to a falling out with Piccinni and had an adverse effect on his career, despite the support of Marie-Antoinette. Œdipe à Colone, premiered in January 1786, enjoyed little success until its posthumous revival a year later. Sacchini’s last opera, Arvire et Évelina was left incomplete, and finished by Jean-Baptiste Rey.

    Images - 8
  • Antonio Sacchini
  • Arvire et Évélina (Guillard / Sacchini)
  • Chimène ou Le Cid (Guillard / Sacchini)
  • Dardanus (Guillard / Sacchini)
  • L'Olympiade ou Le Triomphe de l'amitié (Framery / Sacchini)
  • La Colonie (Framery / Sacchini)
  • Display more
    Works - 7
  • Arvire et Évélina (Guillard / Sacchini)
  • Chimène ou Le Cid (Guillard / Sacchini)
  • Colonie, La (Framery / Sacchini)
  • Dardanus (Guillard / Sacchini)
  • Oedipe à Colone (Guillard / Sacchini)
  • Olympiade ou Le Triomphe de l'amitié, L' (Framery / Sacchini)
  • Display more
    Theme - 1
  • Italie – Les Italiens à Paris de Louis XVI à Napoléon
  • Studies - 4
  • Dratwicki, Alexandre – Sacchini's Renaud: a controversial new work
  • Dratwicki, Benoît – Foreigners at the Académie royale de musique (1774-1789)
  • Dratwicki, Benoît – Parodier l’Italie sur la scène de l’Académie royale (1774-1789). De la partition au livret, un déplacement des enjeux
  • Dratwicki, Benoît – Sacchini and the Sacchinists at the heart of the quarrels
  • Press articles -  9
  • Annonces, Affiches et Avis divers, 1er mars 1783 [Renaud de Sacchini]
  • Journal de littérature, des sciences et des arts, 1783, p. 135-144 [Renaud de Sacchini]
  • Journal de Paris, 29 février 1783 [Renaud de Sacchini]
  • Journal des débats, 19 novembre 1815 [Renaud de Sacchini]
  • L’Universel, journal de la littérature, des sciences et des arts, 9 et 10 novembre 1829 [Le Dilettante d’Avignon d’Halévy]
  • La Décade philosophie, 20 prairial an VII / 8 juin 1799 [Adrien de Méhul]
  • Display more
    Documents - 2
  • Dauvergne, Antoine – Correspondance avec Denis Papillon de La Ferté conservée aux Archives nationales (1780-1782 ; 1785-1790)
  • Lacépède, Étienne de – La poétique de la musique (1785)