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SCHMITT, Florent (1870-1958)

After receiving his early training in his native Lorraine, Florent Schmitt entered the Paris Conservatoire in 1889, where he studied with Dubois, Lavignac (harmony), Massenet and Fauré (composition). In 1900, at his fourth attempt, he won the Prix de Rome and left for the Villa Medici, where he completed his first major work, the monumental Psaume XLVII for soprano, choir, organ and orchestra (1904). Marked by the Impressionist and Symbolist movements, influenced by Debussy as much as by Chopin, he developed a very personal language: vigorous and flamboyant, readily sensual, often complex, combining skilful counterpoint, refined harmony, dynamic rhythms and lush orchestration. In that respect, he occupied a prominent position in the French modernist movement of the first half of the twentieth century. The most outstanding works in his impressive catalogue include his Piano Quintet, the ballet La Tragédie de Salomé, the style of which anticipates Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring, as well as three symphonies and several orchestral suites (Antoine et Cléopâtre, Le Petit Elfe Ferme-l'œil, Salammbô and Oriane et le Prince d'Amour). Opposed to any notion of school or academicism, he ardently defended his ideas in his writings as a music critic for Le Temps (1929-39) and was a co-founder of the Société musicale indépendante (1909) with Ravel, Fauré, Vuillermoz, Aubert, Koechlin and Huré. Despite his ideas, he nevertheless pursued an institutional career, notably as director of the Lyon Conservatoire (1921-1924) and the Académie des Beaux-Arts (1936).

    Images - 14
  • Florent Schmitt
  • Florent Schmitt
  • Florent Schmitt
  • Florent Schmitt et Alfred Cortot
  • La Tragédie de Salomé op. 50 (Florent Schmitt)
  • Le Petit Elfe Ferme-l'Œil op. 73 (Florent Schmitt)
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    Works - 12
  • Andante et Scherzo op. 35 pour harpe et quatuor à cordes (Florent Schmitt)
  • Crépuscules op. 56 : 1. « Sur un vieux petit cimetière » (Florent Schmitt)
  • Mirages op. 70 (Florent Schmitt)
  • Petit Elfe Ferme-l'Œil op. 73, Le (Florent Schmitt)
  • Psaume XLVII op. 38 (Florent Schmitt)
  • Quintette pour cordes et piano op. 51 (Florent Schmitt)
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    Themes - 2
  • Institution – Académie des beaux-arts (Institut)
  • Prix de Rome – Concours de composition musicale
  • Symposia - 1
  • Henri Rabaud et son temps (2013)
  • Study - 1
  • Lorent, Catherine – Paul Dukas et Florent Schmitt : convergences et divergences
  • Press articles -  7
  • Le Ménestrel, 28 juin 1896 [prix de Rome]
  • Le Ménestrel, 4 juillet 1897 [prix de Rome]
  • Le Ménestrel, 26 juin 1898 [prix de Rome]
  • Le Ménestrel, 3 juillet 1898 [prix de Rome]
  • Le Ménestrel, 2 juillet 1899 [prix de Rome]
  • Le Ménestrel, 11 novembre 1900 [séance publique de l’Institut]
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    Documents - 4
  • Lettres à Jules Griset : Florent Schmitt (2 l., s. d.)
  • Lettres à Marguerite Griset : Florent Schmitt (2 l., s. d.)
  • Liber amicorum de Jules et Marguerite Griset
  • Rapports de l’Académie des beaux-arts sur les envois de Rome de musique (1812-1910)