Digital resources for French Romantic music

GRÉTRY, André-Ernest-Modeste (1741-1813)

Born in Liège, Grétry arrived in Paris in 1767, after spending several years in Italy. A first collaboration with Marmontel, Le Huron, brought him immediate success. The French queen was very fond of opéras-comiques, which gave Grétry an opportunity to seek a position at the royal court; he became harpsichord teacher to Marie-Antoinette. Between 1770 and 1780 he composed a series of masterpieces, which became well known throughout Europe. 1785 marked a turning-point in his career. From then on he gradually moved away from musical life and began to write his Mémoires. After the Reign of Terror (1793-94), Grétry found his supporters again. He was appointed to the Institut de France in 1795, and was elected a Chevalier of the Légion d’honneur in 1803. Having retired to ‘L’Ermitage’ at Montmorency (formerly owned by Jean-Jacques Rousseau), he devoted much of his time to writing. Grétry tried his hand at all the musical genres, but it was in the opéra-comique that he showed the greatest originality. Among his opéras-comiques are Zémire & Azor, Richard Cœur-de-Lion, La fausse magie and L’amant jaloux. His  religious music and instrumental compositions date from his stay in Italy. A ballet héroïque entitled Céphale & Procris (1773), his tragédie lyrique, Andromaque (1780), and a number of pieces written during the Revolutionary period show the composer in a different light.

    Images - 31
  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry
  • Grétry
  • Grétry
  • Grétry
  • Grétry à son bureau
  • Aucassin et Nicolette ou Les Moeurs du bon vieux temps (Sedaine / Grétry)
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    Works - 22
  • Ami de la maison, L’ (Marmontel / Grétry)
  • Amitié à l’épreuve, L’ (Favart & Voisenon / Grétry)
  • Andromaque (Pitra / Grétry)
  • Aucassin et Nicolette ou Les Moeurs du bon vieux temps (Sedaine / Grétry)
  • Caravane du Caire, La (Morel de Chédeville / Grétry)
  • Céphale et Procris (Marmontel / Grétry)
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    Theme - 1
  • Institution – Académie des beaux-arts (Institut)
  • Symposia - 1
  • The Sources of French Musical Romanticism. At the crossroads of Italian and German Influences. 1780-1830 (2009)
  • Study - 1
  • Rushton, Julian – Mozart et l'opéra-comique
  • Librettos - 2
  • Andromaque (Louis-Guillaume Pitra)
  • Caravane du Caire, La (Étienne Morel de Chédeville)
  • Documents - 2
  • Dauvergne, Antoine – Correspondance avec Denis Papillon de La Ferté conservée aux Archives nationales (1780-1782 ; 1785-1790)
  • Lacépède, Étienne de – La poétique de la musique (1785)