Digital resources for French Romantic music

HERVÉ (1825.6.30-1892.11.3)

Hervé [pseudonym of Louis-Auguste-Florimond Ronger].

Hervé, composer, librettist, actor, singer, stage director and opera company manager, was the rival – and friend – of Jacques Offenbach. When his father died, the ten-year-old moved to Paris, where he became a choirboy at the church of Saint-Roch, then a pupil of Auber at the Conservatoire, and organist of Saint-Eustache in 1845. In 1847, in collaboration with the comic singer Joseph Kelm, he composed a sketch called Don Quichotte et Sancho Pança, regarded as the first ‘operetta’. After working as conductor at the Odéon and then the Théâtre du Palais-Royal, in 1854 he opened a café-concert on the boulevard du Temple which he called Les Folies-Concertantes, later Les Folies-Nouvelles. Here he presented two-handed operettas of his own composition and one of Offenbach’s earliest works, Oyayaye ou la Reine des îles (1855). In 1859 he sold this venue, which became the Théâtre Déjazet. A great traveller, he then appeared in the provinces as a singer before re-establishing himself in Paris, where he became musical director of the Délassements-Comiques. Les Chevaliers de la Table ronde, premiered at the Bouffes-Parisiens in 1866, was the first of Hervé’s full-length operettas. It was followed byL’Œil crevé (1867), Chilpéric (1868) and Le Petit Faust (1869), all of which enjoyed great success at the Théâtre des Folies-Dramatiques, which he managed. In 1878, he played Jupiter in a revival of Orphée aux enfers under the direction of Offenbach himself. Then began the cycle he composed for Anna Judic, star of the Théâtre des Variétés: La Femme à papa (1879), La Roussotte (1881), Lili (1882) and finally Mam’zelle Nitouche (1883), on libretti by Albert Millaud. In 1886 Hervé left Paris for London and composed a series of ballets for the Empire Theatre from 1887 to 1889. He returned to France in 1892, producing Bacchanale shortly before his death on 3 November that year.

    Images - 85
  • Hervé
  • Hervé
  • Hervé
  • Affiche pour Chilpéric (Hervé) au théâtre des Variétés
  • Affiche pour La Cosaque (Meilhac & Millaud / Hervé)
  • Affiche pour Mam'zelle Nitouche (Meilhac & Millaud / Hervé)
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    Works - 26
  • Alice de Nevers (Hervé)
  • Belle Poule, La (Crémieux & Saint-Albin / Hervé)
  • Chevaliers de la Table ronde, Les (Chivot & Duru / Hervé)
  • Chilpéric (Hervé)
  • Compositeur toqué, Le (Hervé)
  • Cosaque, La (Meilhac & Millaud / Hervé)
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    Themes - 2
  • Genre – Chanson et opérette sous la Troisième République
  • Genre – Chanson et opérette sous le Second Empire
  • Studies - 5
  • Blanchet, Pascal – Hervé [Louis-Auguste-Florimond Ronger dit] (1825-1892)
  • Blanchet, Pascal – Sir Hervé the Knight Errant sets out to conquer the Bouffes-Parisiens
  • Blanchet, Pascal – Nitouche pour l'éternité
  • Cao, Hélène – Goethe's Faust in Romantic music
  • Ramaut, Alban – L'Antiquité sur scène sous le Second Empire
  • Librettos - 5
  • Compositeur toqué, Le (Hervé)
  • Mam’zelle Gavroche [mise en scène de Charles Bonnesseur]
  • Mam’zelle Nitouche [mise en scène de Charles Bonnesseur]
  • Petit Faust, Le [mise en scène de H. Lefebvre]
  • Turcs, Les [mise en scène]
  • Press articles -  35
  • Le Figaro, 17 novembre 1866 [Les Chevaliers de la Table-ronde d’Hervé]
  • Le Figaro, 19 novembre 1866 [Les Chevaliers de la Table-ronde d’Hervé]
  • Le Ménestrel, 25 novembre 1866 [Les Chevaliers de la Table-ronde d’Hervé]
  • L’Indépendance dramatique, 19 octobre 1867 [L’Œil crevé d’Hervé]
  • Le Figaro, 14 octobre 1867 [L’Œil crevé d’Hervé]
  • Le Ménestrel, 3 novembre 1867 [L’Œil crevé d’Hervé]
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